The effects of irrigation, genotype and additives on tef silage making.

Animals. 13(3):470.  doi:10.3390/ani13030470.

Wagali, P., Sabastian, C., Saranga, Y., Ben-Zeev, S., Mabjeesh, S.J. (2023)

Evaluation of Turkish oregano (Origanum onites L.) under organic farming system.

Plant Science Today. 10(2), 272–280. doi:10.14719/pst.2128.

Toaima, W.I.M., Hamed, E.S., Abd El-Aleem, W.H. (2023)

Influence of probiotic feed supplement on Nosema spp. infection level and the gut microbiota of adult honeybees (Apis mellifera L.).

Microorganisms. 11(3),610. doi:10.3390/microorganisms11030610.

Tlak Gajger, I., Nejedli, S., Cvetnić, L. (2023)

Effects of effective microorganisms on the physiological status, intestinal microbiome, and serum metabolites of Eriocheir sinensis.

International Microbiology. doi:10.1007/s10123-023-00375-9.

Li, Q., Yi, X., Li, L., Sun, Y., Nie, Z., Du, J., Cao, L., Gao, J., Xu, G. (2023)

Physiological and biochemical responses of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) to biostimulants application and substrate additives under salinity stress.

Applied Sciences. 13, 1290. doi:10.3390/app13031290.

Koulympoudi, L., Chatzissavvidis, C., Giannakoula, A.E. (2023)

Comparison of Serendipita indica inoculums and a commercial biofertilizer effects on physiological characteristics and antioxidant capacity of maize under drought stress.

Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 23, 900–911. doi:10.1007/s42729-022-01091-5.

Kaboosi, E., Rahimi, A., Abdoli, M., Ghabooli, M. (2023)

Influence of effective microorganisms on the rheology and fresh state properties of SCMs-based concrete for digital fabrication.

Materials Today: Proceedings. doi:10.1016/j.matpr.2023.03.520.

Ibrahim, K.A., Jaji, M.B., van Zijl, G.P.A.G., Babafemi, A.J. (2023).

Continuous sorption of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution using effective microorganisms-based water hyacinth waste compost in a packed column.

Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. 13, 1189–1198. doi: 10.1007/s13399-020-01208-9.

Thillainayagam, B.P., Saravanan, P., Ravindiran, G., Josephrai, J. (2023).


Effective microorganisms improve growth and minerals content in the medicinal plant.

Bulbine frutescens. Indian Journal of Natural Sciences. 12(70), 37763-37769. .

Prisa, D. (2022)

Seaweed fertilizer prepared by EM-fermentation increases abundance of beneficial soil microbiome in paddy (Oryza sativa L.) during vegetative stage.

Fermentation. 8, 46. doi:10.3390/fermentation8020046.

Prasedya, E.S., Kurniawan,N.S.H., Kirana, I.A.P., Ardiana, N., Abidin, A.S., Ilhami, B.T.K., Jupri, A., Widyastuti, S., Sunarpi, H., Nikmatullah, A. (2022)

Effective microorganisms and glass nanopowders from waste bottle inclusion on early strength and microstructure properties of high-volume fly-ash-based concrete.

Biomimetics (Basel). 7(4),190. doi:10.3390/biomimetics7040190.

Onaizi, A.M., Huseien, G.F., Shukor Lim, N.H.A., Tang, W.C., Alhassan, M., Samadi, M. (2022)

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) growth, productivity and essential oil yield under different sowing methods and some stimulant substances.

Archives of Agriculture Sciences Journal. 5(3), 41-61. doi:10.21608/aasj.2022.267598.

Mohamed, M. Kh., Ali, A.F., Ibrahim, M.F. (2022)

Microstructure and strength properties of sustainable concrete using effective microorganisms as a self-curing agent.

Sustainability. 14(16), 10443. doi:10.3390/su141610443.

Memon, R.P., Huseien, G.F., Saleh, A.T., K. Ghoshal, S., Memon,U., Alwetaishi, M., Benjeddou, O. Sam, A.R.M.(2022)

Bacterial and fungal co-occurrence patterns in agricultural soils amended with compost and bokashi.

Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 178, 108831. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2022.108831.

Luo, Y., Gonzalez L.J.B., van Veelen, H.P.J., Valentina, S., ter Heijne, A., Bezemer, T.M., Buisman, C.J.N. (2022)

A comparative study of effective microorganisms (EM) and biocompost in the decomposition of coconut waste material.

Journal of Applied and Natural Science. 14 (SI), 129 - 137. doi:10.31018/jans.v14iSI.3598.

Kumar, P.A., Chozhan, K., Dhevagi, P., Mahimairaja, S., Prabhu, R., Poornima, R. (2022)

Influence of effective microorganisms, colloidal nanosilver and silver compounds on water content in new and used engine oil: A preliminary study.

Applied Sciences. 12, 10234. doi:10.3390/app122010234.

Krakowski, R.(2022)

The effect of the multi-strain probiotic preparation EM Bokashi® on selected parameters of the cellular immune response in pigs.

Food and Agricultural Immunology. 33(1), 167-191. doi:10.1080/09540105.2021.2006611.

Jarosz, L.S., Ciszewski, A., Marek, A., Hejdysz, M., Nowaczewski, S., Grądzki, Z., Michalak, K., Kwiecień, M., Rysiak, A. (2022)

Effective microorganism solution and high volume of fly ash blended sustainable bio-concrete.

Biomimetics. 7(2), 65. doi:10.3390/biomimetics7020065.

Huseien, G.F., Saleh, A.T., Ghoshal, S.K. (2022)

Manure biostabilization by effective microorganisms as a way to improve its agronomic value.

Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. 12, 4649–4664. doi:10.1007/s13399-022-02428-x.

Hidalgo, D., Corona, F., Martín‑Marroquín, J.M. (2022)

Mechanical properties and internal microstructure of concrete brick with addition of effective microorganisms.

Recent Trends in Civil Engineering and Built Environment. 3(1), 965-975..

Hamzah, M.M.F.M., Ismail, N. (2022)

Influence of effective microorganisms and clinoptilolite on gut barrier function, intestinal health and performance of broiler chickens during induced Eimeria tenella infection.

Agriculture. 12, 2176. doi:10.3390/agriculture12122176.

Ciszewski, A., Jarosz, Ł.S., Kalinowski, M., Marek, A., Gradzki, Z., Grabowski, S., Hejdysz, M., Nowaczewski, S., Rysiak, A. (2022)

Wheat (Triticum aestivum) production and grain quality resulting from compost application and rotation with aba bean.

Journal of Agriculture and Food Research. 10, 100425. doi:10.1016/j.jafr.2022.100425.

Bezabeh, M.W., Haile, M., Sogn, T.A., Eich-Greatorex S. (2022)

Effects of eco-friendly product application and sustainable agricultural management practices on soil properties and phytosanitary condition of winter wheat crops.

Sustainability. 14(23):15754. doi:10.3390/su142315754.

Bauza-Kaszewska, J., Breza-Boruta, B., Lemańczyk, G., Lamparski, R. (2022)

The influence of effective microorganisms on physiological characteristics of containerized taurus cedar (Cedrus libani A. Rich.) seedlings.

CERNE. v. 28, e-103018. doi:10.1590/01047760202228013018.

Ayan, S., Çalışkan, E., Özel, H.B., Çelik, E.N., Yılmaz, E., Gülseven, O., Akın, Ş.S. (2022)

The effect of feed supplementation with EM Bokashi® multimicrobial probiotic preparation on selected parameters of sow colostrum and milk as indicators of the specific and nonspecific immune response.

Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, 14(6), 1029 - 1041. doi: 10.1007/s12602-021-09850-z.

Jarosz, Ł.S., Ciszewski, A., Marek, A., Grądzki, Z., Kaczmarek, B., Rysiak, A. (2022)


Exogenously applied nitrogenous fertilizers and effective microorganisms improve plant growth of stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni) and soil fertility.

AMB Express. 11(1), 133. doi:10.1186/s13568-021-01292-8.

Youssef, M.A., Yousef, A.F., Ali, M.M., Ahmed, A.I., Lamlom, S.F., Strobel, W.R., Kalaji, H.M. (2021)

Impacts of effective microorganisms, compost tea, fulvic acid, yeast extract, and foliar spray with seaweed extract on sweet pepper plants under greenhouse conditions.

Plants. 10(9):1927. doi:10.3390/plants10091927.

Mohamed, M.H.M., Sami, R., Al-Mushhin, A.A.M., Ali, M.M.E., El-Desouky, H.S., Ismail, K.A., Khalil, R., Zewail, R.M.Y. (2021)

Response of soil microbiome structure and its network profiles to four soil amendments in monocropping strawberry greenhouse.

PLoS ONE. 16(9), e0245180. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0245180.

Liu, S., Khan, M.H., Yuan, Z., Hussain, S., Cao, H., Liu, Y. (2021)

Preliminary study on investigation of the use of Effective Microorganism applications in walnut.

International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences. 5(3), 329-334. doi:10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.10.

Bilgin, N.A., Yağmur, B., Mısırlı, A. (2021)

The influence of potassen-N and EM on some phonological measurements, productivity, and fruit quality of williams banana plants.

Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor. 59(3), 803-814. doi:10.21608/assjm.2021.207319.

Bakry, K.A., EL-Gioushy, S.F., Kabeel, H., Hamda, M.A. (2021)

Effect of the use of pro-ecological treatments and previous crop straw on the weed infestation of winter wheat and sprig barley cultivated as short-term monoculture.

Acta Sci. Pol. Agriculture. 19(4) , 201-212. doi: 10.37660/ASPAGR.2020.19.4.4.

Lamparski, R., Kotwica, K. (2020).

Effects of supplemental effective microorganisms in feed on the growth, immunity, and appetite regulation in juvenile GIFT tilapia.

Aquaculture Reports. 19 , 100577. doi: 10.1016/j.aqrep.2020.100577.

Xu, W., Mawolo, P.Y., Jiancao, G., Chu, L., Yuyu, W., Nie, Z., Song, L., Shao, N., Gao, J., Xu, P., Xu, G. (2021).

Mechanical and energy performance of variably cured effective microorganisms cementitious composite designed via Taguchi.

Journal of Cleaner Production. 310 , 127350. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127350.

Shaheen, N., Rizwan, S.A., Khushnood, R.A., Bier, T.A. (2021).

Influence of effective microorganism supplementation to the drinking water on performance and some blood parameters of laying hens exposed to a high ambient temperature.

Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 23(1) , 1-6. doi: 10.1590/1806-9061-2020-1351.

Sahan, Z., Kutay, H., Celi̇k, L. (2021).

Environmental applications of Effective Microorganisms: a review of current knowledge and recommendations for future directions.

Safwat and Matta Journal of Engineering and Applied Science. 68 , 48. doi: 10.1186/s44147-021-00049-1.

Safwat, S.M., Matta, M.E. (2021).

Biological treatments for quality improvement and production of Aloe vera gel.

GSC Advanced Research and Reviews. 9(1) , 054–063. doi:10.30574/gscarr.2021.9.1.0237.

Prisa, D., Gobbino, M. (2021).

Improving the quality of ornamental bulbous with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR).

EPRA International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (IJMR). 7(5), 255-263. doi:10.36713/epra7029 .

Prisa, D., Benati, A. (2021).

Myrtillocactus geometrizans fruit plant stimulated with Effective microorganisms.

Open Access Research Journal of Biology and Pharmacy. 1(1) , 025-032. doi: 10.53022/oarjbp.2021.1.1.0015.

Prisa, D. (2021).

Effective Microorganism ‘Em1’ and their effects on performance of pond cat fish (Clariasgariepinus).

IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT). 15(2) , 39-43. doi: 10.9790/2402-1502013943.

Orji, O.A., Akukalia, C.M. (2021).

Impact of Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) and multimicrobial preparation (EM) on the carcass, mineral, and fatty acid composition of Cornu aspersum aspersum Snails.

Animals. 11(7) , 1926. doi:10.3390/ani11071926.

Niemiec, T., Łozicki, A., Pietrasik, R., Pawęta, S., Rygało-Galewska, A., Matusiewicz, M., Zglińska, K.(2021)

A Study on the fabrication of an effective natural substance based on Schisandra chinensis extracted fermentation.

Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology. 14 , 1603 - 1612. doi:10.2147/CCID.S336280.

Nguyen, C.T., Han, J., Tran, V., Jeong, H., Kim, E.S. (2021).

Use of effective microorganisms to enhance cost-effective biogas purification at the household level.

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 15(11), 457-469. doi: 10.5897/AJEST2020.2935.

Minza, S., Shaaban, M.M., Stephen, M.E. (2021).

Supporting the water reservoir restoration processes by using selected type of biological beds.

Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Formatio Circumiectus. 19(3), 83-98. doi:10.15576/ASP.FC/2020.19.3.83.

Mazur, A., Chemielowski, K. (2021).

Effects of exogenous germanium and effective microorganisms on germanium accumulation and nutritional qualities of garlic (Allium sativum L.).

Scientia Horticulturae. 283 , 110114. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2021.110114.

Li, X., Pan, Y., Qi, X., Zhang, S., Zhi, C., Meng, H., Cheng, Z. (2021).

Optimization of bokashi-composting process using effective microorganisms-1 in smart composting bin.

Sensors (Basel). 21(8) , 2847. doi: 10.3390/s21082847.

Lew, P.S., Nik Ibrahim, N.N.L., Kamarudin, S., Thamrin, N.M., Misnan, M.F. (2021).

Quality improvement of eutrophic environments degraded by organic matter, in experiences conducted in sea-water microcosms.

European Journal of Biology and Biotechnology. 2(6) , 29-35. doi:10.24018/ejbio.2021.2.6.312.

Lenzi, M., Persiano, M.L., Ciarapic, M. (2021).

Effective Microorganism effect on the growth and yield of spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.).

IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS). 14(11), 45-56. doi:10.9790/2380-1411024556.

Kerubo F.N., Okello S.V., Oluko P.S. (2021).

Compressive strength and microstructure properties of modified concrete incorporated effective microorganism and fly ash.

Materials Today: Proceedings. 46(5) , 2036-2044. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2021.03.054.

Huseien, G.F., Joudah, Z.H., Memon, R.P., & Sam, A.R. (2021).

Mg, K-containing microparticle: A possible active principle of a culture extract produced by a microbial consortium.

PLoS One. 16(11) , e0259297. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0259297.

Higashinakagawa, T., Kikuchi, H., Kuwayama, H. (2021).

Bokashi, boiled manure and penergetic applications increased agronomic production variables and may enhance powdery mildew severity of organic tomato plants.

Horticulturae. 7(2), 27. doi: 10.3390/horticulturae7020027.

Hata, F.T., Ventura M.U., de Freitas Fregonezi, G.A., de Lima, R.F. (2021).

Effect of foliar application of humic acid, EM and mineral fertilization on yield and quality of carrot under organic fertilization.

Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering. 12(1) , 1-7. doi: 10.21608/jssae.2021.152002.

Fouda, K.F. (2021).

Small-scale composting and effective microorganisms: An experience report with public school students.

Revista de Ensino de Engenharia. 40, 219-227. doi: 10.37702/REE2236-0158.

Filogonio, I.M., Korres, A.M. (2021).

Effect of foliar spray some micronutrients mixture and biofertilizers (EM) on growth, yield and fruit quality on Sultani fig in north west coast.

Egyptian Journal of Desert Research. 71(2) , 129-147. doi:10.21608/ejdr.2021.55251.1078.

Elamary, E., Elsayed, A. (2021).

In vitro digestibility analysis of fermented rice straw using Aspergillus niger and Effective Microorganisms.

Indonesian Journal of Animal Agricultural Science (IJAAS). 3(1), 1-6. doi: 10.33772/ijaas.v3i1.16258.

Darmawansya, M., Sandiah, N., Nasiu, F. (2021).

The effects of various doses and types of effective microorganism applications on microbial and enzyme activity of medium and the photosynthetic activity of Scarlet Sage.

Agronomy. 11(3) , 603. doi: 10.3390/agronomy11030603.

Borowiak, K., Wolna-Maruwka, A., Niewiadomska, A., Budka, A., Schroeter-Zakrzewska, A., Stasik, R. (2021).

Yield, nutrient uptake, and economic return of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in calcareous soil as affected by compost types.

Journal of Agriculture and Food Research. 6, 100237. doi: 10.1016/j.jafr.2021.100237.

Bezabeh, M.W., Hailemariam, M.H., Sogn, T.A., Eich-Greatorex, S. (2021).

The Impact of effective microorganisms (EM) on egg quality and laying performance of chickens.

International Journal of Food Science. 2021, 8895717. doi:10.1155/2021/8895717.

Atsbeha, A.T., Hailu, T.G. (2021).

Effect of plant extracts and biological control agents on Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn.

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 735, 012079. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/735/1/012079.

Al-Baldawy, M.S.M., Matloob, A.A.A.H., Almammory, M.K.N. (2021).

Response of growth, essential oil composition, endogenous hormones and microbial activity of Mentha piperita to some organic and biofertilizers agents.

Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 28(10), 5435-5441. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.06.094.

Al-Amri, S.M. (2021).

Effect of effective microorganisms on wheat growth under salt stress condition.

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 81, 351-356. doi:10.4067/S0718-58392021000300351.

Abu-Qaoud, H., Al-Fares, H., Shtaya, M., Shawarb, N. (2021).

Efficacy of dietary inclusion of biologically treated pruning peach trees by-products on growth performance, blood biochemicals and economic efficiency of New Zealand White rabbits.

Animal Biotechnology. 33(1), 1-10. doi: 10.1080/10495398.2021.1985508.

Abd-El Ghany, F.T.F., Salama, W.A., Younan, G.E., Shamesldeen, A.E., El-Shora, M.A., Peris, S.I., Mahrose, K.M. (2021).

Durability performance of modified concrete incorporating fly ash and effective microorganism.

Construction and Building Materials, 267, 120947.

Huseien, G.F., Joudah, Z.H., Khalid, N.H.A., Sam, A.R.M., Tahir, M.M., Lim, N.H.A. S., Alyousef, R., Mirza, J. (2021)

Some Facilitators Effects on Alfalfa and Sainfoin Growth in Restoration of Dry-Farming Lands (Study Area: Balekhlichay Watershed, Ardabil, Iran).

ECOPERSIA, 9(1), 43-51.

Abbasi K.M., Ghorbani, A., Esmali O.A., Shokouhian, A.A., Ashraf J.A. (2021)

Productivity and nutritional trait improvements of different tomatoes cultivated with Effective Microorganisms technology.

Agriculture. 11(2) , 112. doi: 10.3390/agriculture11020112.

Tommonaro, G., Abbamondi, G.R., Nicolaus, B., Poli, A., D’Angelo, C., Iodice, C., De Prisco, R. (2021).

Carcass and pork quality and gut environment of pigs fed a diet supplemented with the bokashi probiotic.

Animals. 11(12) , 3590. doi: 10.3390/ani11123590.

Rybarczyk, A., Bogusławska-Wąs, E., Pilarczyk, B. (2021).

Review: Bokashi technology as a promising technology for crop production in Europe.

The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology. 96(2) , 145-152. doi: 10.1080/14620316.2020.1810140.

Olle, M. (2021)

Optimization of tobacco water-fertilizer coupling scheme under effective microorganisms biochar-based fertilizer application condition.

Agronomy Journal. 113 , 1653-1663. doi: 10.1002/agj2.20568.

Li, X., Shao, X., Li, R., Gao, C., Yang, X., Ding, F., Yuan, Y. (2021).

Investigation on the efficiency of Effective Microorganisms for polluted water treatment.

Applied Microbiology: Theory & Technology. 2(1) , 1-17. doi: 10.37256/amtt.212021683.

Hoo, M.W.S., Teo, S.S. (2021).

Effective microorganisms composite scupper drain (EM-CSD) as a new revolution in drainage system: A preliminary study.

IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1144, 012051. Doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/1144/1/012051.

Ahmud, F.H., Jamal, M.H., Sam, A.R.M., Nuryazmeen, F.H. (2021).


Compost physical properties study on degradation of poultry manure composting in closed-aerated composter.

IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 932(1), 012012. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/932/1/012012.

Zailani, S.N., Lee, C.T., Zainol, N.A., Yusoff, N.A., & Sohaimi, K.S. (2020).

Landscape waste composting with the aid of effective microorganisms using mechanical crusher machine.

Journal of Advanced Industrial Technology and Application. 1(1) , 13-23. doi: 10.30880/jaita.2020.01.01.002.

Muhamad, M.S., Rahman, M.Q.A., Hamidon, N., Hamid, N.H.A., Sunar, N.M.M., Sunar, M., Harun, H., Ali, R. (2020).

Effects of Fermentation on the Nutritional Composition, Mineral Content and Physical Characteristics of Banana Leaves.

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 596, 012089. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/596/1/012089.

Mat, K., Taufik, H.A., Rusli, N.D., Hasnita, C.H., Al-Amsyar, S.M., Rahman, M.M., Mahmud, M.H. (2020).

Protective role of effective microorganisms against pesticides residues toxicity on tomato haulms and their effects on performance of dairy goats.

Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science. 63(2) , 143-150.

Ibrahim, M., Khalel, M., Yacout, M., Atia, S., Mocuta, D., Shwerb, A., Hassan, A., (2020).

Effective microorganisms: Microbial diversity and its effect on the growth of palisade grass.

Tropical Grasslands-Forrajes Tropicales. 8(3) , 177–186. doi: 10.17138/tgft(8)177-186.

Dos Santos, L.F., Silva, M.C.S., Lana, R.P., Diogo, N.V., Kasuya, M.C.M., Ribeiro, K.G. (2020).

Bokashi use in the Passionfruit (Passiflora edulis L.) germination and initial growth.

Agriculture and Forestry. 66(4) , 101-111. doi: 10.17707/AgricultForest.66.4.08.

Bocoli, F.A., Marcon, J.A., Izidoro, M., Bortolon, P.T., Oliverira, S.E.R., Spalevic, V., Souza, P.S. (2020).

On-farm evaluation the effective microbes and urea treated rice straw on performance of local dairy cows and farmers perception in Ethiopia.

AgroLife Scientific Journal. 9(2) , 35-44..

Asmare, B., Bishaw, F., Gezie, T. (2020).

The effect of Ag nanoparticles and multimicrobial preparation as factors stabilizing the microbiological homeostasis of feed tables for Cornu aspersum (Müller) snails on snail growth and quality parameters of carcasses and shells.

Animals, 10(12), 2260..

Łozicki, A., Niemiec, T., Pietrasik, R., Pawęta, S., Rygało-Galewska, A., Zglińska, K. (2020)

Influence of marine kaolin mortar mixed with effective microorganism on external heat transfer. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

IOP Publishing, 849(1), 012043. .

Yusop, F.A., Mohamed, A., Nor, H.M., Sam, A.R.M., Khalid, N.H.A., Ibrahim, W.Y.W., Ismail, A. (2020)

Educating society about biotechnology and its impact to the environment: An analysis to practical experience at the group of farmer at Sukorambi Vilage, Distric of Sukorambi, Regency of Jember, East Java, Indonesia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

IOP Publishing, 485(1), 012049. .

Umamah, N., Hasan, F., Himmah, I.F., Karwendyanto, K.C. (2020)

Effects on some therapeutical, biochemical, and immunological parameters of honey bee (Apis mellifera) exposed to probiotic treatments, in field and laboratory conditions.

Insects, 11(9), 638.

Tlak Gajger, I., Vlainić, J., Šoštarić, P., Prešern, J., Bubnič, J., & Smodiš Škerl, M.I. (2020)

Biological remediation of the municipal solid waste leachate - A case study of hyderabad integrated MSW limited.

Nature Environment and Pollution Technology, 19(1), 379-383..

Sree, K.D.S., Dash, S.N., Leelavathi, A. (2020)

The effect of effective microorganisms-4 (em-4) on biogas yield in solid-state anaerobic digestion of corn stover. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

IOP Publishing, 830(2), p.022024.

Shitophyta, L.M., Budiarti, G.I., Nugroho, Y.E., Hanafi, M. (2020)

Could effective microorganisms improve tolerance of UCB1 pistachio to salinity?

Comunicata Scientiae, 11, e3435-e3435.

Salmani, A.F., Davarynejad, G.H., Abedi, B. (2020)

Synergistic use of Plantago major and effective microorganisms, EM1 to clean up the soil polluted with imidacloprid under laboratory and field condition.

International Journal of Phytoremediation, 22(14), 1515-1523..

Romeh, A.A. (2020)

EM-Bokashi addition to the growing media for the quality improvement of Kalanchoe blossfeldiana.

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology (IJMSAT), 1(2), 54-59..

Prisa, D. (2020)

Sustainable bio-conversion of rice straw waste into high quality organic fertilizer.

Journal of Environmental Protection, 11(4), 315-331.

Omar, H.M., Mahmoud, Y.I., El-Haggar, S.M. (2020)

The improvement of the growth of tomato transplants by bokashi tea.

Agraarteadu, 31 (1), 70−73.

Olle, M. (2020)

Utilization of leaves in mine reclamation land as organic fertilizer with bioactivatory of effective microorganism 4 (EM4) and molasses.

Microbiology Indonesia, 14(2), 5-5.

Nurtjahyani, S.D., Oktafitria, D., Sriwulan, S., Maulidina, N., Cintamulya, I., Purnomo, E., Mustofa, A. (2020)

Utilization of leaves in mine reclamation land as organic fertilizer with bioactivatory of effective microorganism 4 (EM4) and molasses.

Microbiology Indonesia, 14(2), 5-5..

Nurtjahyani, S.D., Oktafitria, D., Sriwulan, S., Maulidina, N., Cintamulya, I., Purnomo, E., Mustofa, A. (2020)

Effective Microorganisms as remediation for marginal soil in the Philippines.

Chemical Engineering Transactions, 78, 253-258.

Ngilangil, L.E., Vilar, D.A. (2020)

Beneficial effect of effective microorganism on crop and soil-a review.

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 9(4), 3070-3074..

Nayak, N., Sar, K., Sahoo, B.K., Mahapatra, P. (2020)

Effect of Effective Microorganisms (EM) on concrete performance. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

IOP Publishing, 476(1), 012036.

Mohammed, S.A., Rahim, N.L., Roslan, M.A. (2020)

Enhancing nitrogen and phosphorus removal by applying effective microorganisms to constructed wetlands.

Water, 12(9), 2443.

Li, X., Guo, Q., Wang, Y., Xu, J., Wei, Q., Chen, L., Liao, L. (2020)

Application of Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (VAM) and Effective Microorganism (EM) against root knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita Chit.) in Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L).

Countryside Development Research Journal, 8(1), 1-6.

Duza, G., Datud, A. (2020)

Domestic Waste Water Treatment Using Effective Microorganism (EM) Technology.

International Journal of Research in Engineering, Science and Management, 3(10), 158-162.

Dipali, P., Priyanka, G., Pooja, G., Saddam, I., Poonam, G., Amol, B. (2020)

Responses of dietary supplementation of probiotic effective microorganisms (EMs) in Oreochromis niloticus on growth, hematological, intestinal histopathological, and antiparasitic activities.

Aquaculture International, ​28, 947–963.

Abdel-Aziz, M., Bessat, M.,Fadel, A., Elblehi, S. (2020)

Amending sandy soil with biochar promotes plant growth and root colonization by mycorrhizal fungi in highbush blueberry.

HortSicence , https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI14542-19.

Sales, B. K., Bryla, D. R., Trippe, K. M., Weiland, J. E., Scagel, C. F., Strik, B. C., Sullivan, D. M.

Biological nutrition of tissue cultured barhi date palm off shoots in comparison with chemical nutrition.

Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor. 58(2) , 305 – 314.

Hasaballah, E. A., Hagagy, N. A. A., Bedeer, D.A. (2020).


Bokashi as an amendment and source of nitrogen in sustainable agricultural systems: a Review.

Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 19(1), 237-248.

Quiroz, M., Céspedes, C. (2019)

Soil application of effective microorganisms (EM) maintains leaf photosynthetic efficiency, increases seed yield and quality traits of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants grown on different substrates.

International journal of molecular sciences, 20(9), 2327.

Iriti, M., Scarafoni, A., Pierce, S., Castorina, G., Vitalini, S. (2019)

The effect of herbal extracts and probiotic feeding on productivity and quality of broilers.

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, 7(3), 5-9.

Hasibuan, A.S., Silalahi, J., Masfria, M. (2019)

Effective microorganisms for the cultivation and qualitative improvement of onion (Allium cepa L.).

World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2(3), 001-007.

Domenico, P. (2019)

Effective microorganisms for germination and root growth in Kalanchoe daigremontiana.

World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 3(3), 047-053.

Domenico, P. (2019)

Influence of effective microorganisms on the activity of 137Cs in the soil contaminated due to the accident on the Chernobyl NPP

Journal of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, 29, 230–237.

Nikitin, A. N., Gutzeva, G. Z., Leferd, G. A., Cheshyk, I. A., Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.

The life cycle of Dictyostelium discoideum is accelerated via MAP kinase cascade by a culture extract produced by a synthetic microbial consortium

Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, https://doi.org/10.1159/000504442.

Kuwayama, H., Higashinakagawa, T.

Effects of integrated use of residual sulfur-enhanced biochar with effective microorganisms on soil properties, plant growth and short-term productivity of Capsicum annuum under salt stress.

Scientia Horticulturae, 261, 1-11.

Abd El-Mageed, T. A., Rady, M. M., Taha, R. S., Abd El-Azeam, S., Simpson, C. R., Semida, W. M.

Fresh and hardened properties of concrete containing effective microorganisms.

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 220 , https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/220/1/012050.

Mohd.Sam, A. R., Khanom, F., Kamaruzzaman, M., Tahir, M. Md., Lim, N. H. A. S., Awang, A. Z., Ismail, A.

The effect of spent mushroom compostand various composting starter combination on the growth and yield of kangkong (Ipomoea reptans).

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 230, https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/230/1/012023.

Mardiyani, S. A., Muruwani, I. Lestari, M. W.

Green technology and sustainable urban drainage systems using eco-composite porous concrete: A preliminary study.

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 220, https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/220/1/012039.

Ahmad, F. H. M., Jamal, M. H., Sam, A. R. M.

The Colored Chemistry.

Color Culture and Science Journal, 11(02), 07-13.

Ajo, D., Elettivo, G., Fenzi, F., Cesaro, N. S., Tegani, S.

Effect of some biological agents in reducing the disease incidence and severity of white mold disease on eggplant caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum.

Plant Archives, 19, 646-652.

Al-Tameemi, S. K. M., Matloob, A. A. A. H.

Synergism of Allophanic Andisol Adsorption and EM – 4 Biosorption for Remediation of Iron and Manganesein Waste Water.

Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 10(1), 227-234.

Dharmawan, C. A., Cari, Planoto, Setyono, P.

Effect of using plant compost and EM as partial replacement of inorganic N fertilizer on fruiting of barhy date palms.

New York Science Journal, 12(2), 16-27.

El-Sayed, M. A., Abdalla, A. S., Abd El- Hameed, M. M., El- Naggar, H. M. F.

Effects of boron application and treatment with effective microorganisms on the growth, yield and some quality attributes of broccoli.

Journal of Elementology, 24(4): 1335-1348.

Franczuk J., Rosa R., Zaniewicz-Bajkowska A., Słonecka D

Soil amendments and soil profiling impact on macadamia growth and yield performance.

HortScience, 54(3), 519–527.

Galanti, R., Cho, A., Ahmad, A., Radovich, T.

Low-cost organic fertilizations and bioactivator for arugula-radish intercropping.

Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 31(10), 773-778.

Hata, F. T., Ventura, M. U., Sousa, V., Fregonezi, G. A. de F.

Effects of partial replacement of soybean meal with rapeseed meal, narrow-leaved lupin, DDGS, and probiotic supplementation, on performance and gut microbiota activity and diversity in broilers.

Annals of Animal Science, 19(4), 1-17.

Konieczka, P., Czerwinski, J., Jankowiak, J., Ząbek, K., Smulikowska, S.

Grey Water Treatment Using Effective Micro-organisms and its Impact on Water Qualities.

Journal of Applied Sciences, 19, 188-198.

Lavanya, V., Kannan, D. P.

Effect of fulvic acid and effective microorganisms (EM) on the vegetative growth and productivity of onion plants.

Current Science International, 8(2), 368-377.

Mahmoud, S. H., El-Tanahy, A. M. M., Marzouk, N. M., Abou-Hussein, S. D.

Biotransformation of fruti-horticultural agro-industrial residues using Efficient Microorganisms (EM) in Riobamba (Ecuador).

Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 14(8), 2504-2512.

Merino, C. O., Bayas-Morejon, I. F., Changoluisa, M., Lema, M. P., Gomez, C., Verdezoto, L., Moreno, I., Merino, M. C., Tigre, R. A., Donato, W.

Comparison of COD and TSS removals from artificial river water by mudballs made with activated EM1 and EM4 solutions.

International Journal of GEOMATE, 16(55), 28-33.

Nugroho, F. L., Rusmaya, D., Damayanti, M.

Short communication: The improvement of the quality, and nutrient content of leaf celery transplants by effective microorganisms.

Agraarteadus Journal of Agricultural Science, 30(1), 32-35.

Olle, M.

Simple cultivation of effective microorganisms to reduce number of flies in local chicken coop.

GADING Journal for Science and Technology, 2(2), 40-46.

Omar, W. S. A. W., Arbain, M. I.

Effect of chabazitic-zeolites and effective microorganisms on growth and chemical composition of Aloe barbadensis Miller and Aloe arborescens Miller.

International Journal of Agricultural Research, Sustainability, and Food Sufficiency (IJARSFS), 6(1), 315-321.

Prisa, D.

Effective microorganisms and chabazitic-zeolites for the improvement quality of Echinopsis Hybrids.

Asian Academic Research Journal of Multidisciplinary, 6(2), 23-31.

Prisa, D.

Improvement quality and content of pepper and chilli nitrates influenced by the Effective Microorganisms.

American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS), 53(1), 176-181.

Prisa, D.

An innovative tool for inducing common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) salt-tolerance by regulating photosynthetic rate and endogenous phytohormones production.

Scientia Horticulturae, 250, 254-265.

Talaat, N. B.

Effect of tea dregs form and different fermentation process on the nutrient, tannin, saponin, flavonoid content and antioxidant activity. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition.

Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 18, 25-33.

Tugiyanti, E., Susanti, E., Sulistyawan, I. H.

Bioremediation of nitrogen- and phosphorus-polluted aquaculture sediment by utilizing combined immobilized effective microorganisms and sediment aeration technology.

International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, 12(6), 192–201.

Wang, L. K., Shao, X. H., Xu, M., Chen, S.

Carcass and meat quality characteristics of two hair type breed lambs fed tef (Eragrostistef) straw ensiled with effective micro-organisms and supplemented with concentrates.

International Journal of Livestock Production, 10(4), 110-121.

Zewide, T. M., Wossen. A. M., Yadeta, A. T., Geesink, G. H.

Research of Effective Microorganisms on dairy sewage sludge stabilization

Journal of Ecological Engineering, 20(3), 241-252.

Boruszko, D


Response of sweet potato plants to mineral and bio-fertilization.

Journal of Plant Production, Mansoura University, 9(12), 969 - 974.

Abdel-Naby, H. M. E., Fathy, E. L. E., Doklega, S. M. A., Wafa N. M. A. A.

Impact of bio and organic soil amendments on sunflower damping-off and root-rot diseases under reclaimed soil.

Egyptian Journal of Desert Research , 68(2), 277-298.

El-Hadidy, A. E.

Growth Inhibition of Various Pathogenic Microorganisms Using Effective Microorganisms (EM)

International Journal Of Research And Engineering. 4(12), 283-286.

SAFWAT, Safwat M.; ROZAIK, Ehab.

Effect of Multi-Microbial Probiotic Formulation Bokashi on Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Cytokines Profile in the Serum, Colostrum and Milk of Sows, and in a Culture of Polymorphonuclear Cells Isolated from Colostrum

Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins. 1–13.

Ewa Laskowska, Łukasz Jarosz, Zbigniew Grądzki

Development of low thermal mass cement-sand block utilizing peat soil and effective microorganism

Case studies in Construction Materials. 8, 8-15.

Irham Hameeda Mohamad IdrisNur ZulaikhaYusof

Influence of soil amendments and tillage methods against sunflower charcoal rot disease under reclaimed soil.

Egyptian Journal of Desert Research, 68(2), 223-242.

Elhadidy, A. E.

Influence of Effective Microorganisms on growth performance of broiler chicken under local conditions

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 4(1), 67-73.

Jayathilaka B.R., Nayananjalie, W.A.D., Adikari, A.M.J.B., Samaraweera, B.W.N.J.

Peat soils stabilization using Effective Microorganisms (EM)

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 140(2018)012088. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/140/1/012088.

usof, N.Z., Samsuddin, N.S., Hanif, M.F., Osman, S.B.S.

Efficacy of organic foliar formulations on the biometric and biochemical attributes of mulberry

Morus sp. Trends in Biosciences, 11(23), 3152-3156.

Thangaroja, K., Murugesh, K.A., Shanmugam, R., Bharani, A.

Nutrients content and quality of liquid fertilizer made from goat manure

IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series, 1022(2018)012053. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1022/1/012053.

Sunaryo, Y., Purnomo, D., Darini, M.T., Cahyani, V.R.

Introducing natural farming in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cultivation

International Journal of agronomy, Volume 2018, Article ID 9312537. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9312537.

Sulok, K.M.T., Ahmed, O.H., Khew, C.Y., Zehnder, J.A.M.

Effect of probiotic em-4 in feeds on the growth and survival rate of goldfish (Carrasius auratus)

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 6(3), 108-111.

Sitorus, H., Ramija, K.E.L., Akhir, D.I.S.

Multi-microbial compounds eliminate or reduce Salmonella typhimurium from one-third of poultry liter samples within 8 days

Research Journal of Poultry Sciences, 11(1), 5-8.

Sheffield, C.L., Crippen, T.L., Beier R.C.

Italian chabazitic-zeolite and effective microorganisms for the qualitative improvement of olive trees

Atti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali, 125, 13-17.

Prisa, D.

Effect on survival and bacterial community composition of the aquaculture water and gastrointestinal tract of shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) exposed to probiotic treatments after an induced infection of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease

Aquaculture Research, 49(10), 3270-3288.

Pinoargote, G., Flores, G., Cooper, K., Ravishankar, S.

Evaluation of the efficacy of probiotics in vitro against Vibrio parahaemolyticus, causative agent of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in shrimp

Journal of Probiotics & Health, 6(1),193. https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-8901.1000193.

Pinoargote, G., Ravishankar, S.

Effects of salinity on acid production and growth of three probiotic microbes with potential for application in intensive shrimp aquaculture

Journal of Probiotics & Health, 6(1),191. https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-8901.1000191..

Pinoargote, G., Ravishankar, S.

Increasing nutrition value of fermented rice hull through biofermentation of lactobacillus complex bacteria supplemented

International Journal of Life Sciences., 2(2), 73-82.

Partama, I.B.G., Yadnya, T.G.B., Trisnadewi, A.A.A.S., Sukada, I.K.

Fermented rice husk utilization of effective microorganisms-4 supplemented with Piper betle L. performance, meat quality, antioxidant capacity, and meat cholesterol levels of Bali duck.

International Journal of Life Sciences, 2(3), 98-110.

Partama, I.B.G., Yadnya, T.G.B., Trisnadewi, A.A.A.S., Sukada, I.K.

Impact of effective microorganisms on the transfer of radioactive cesium into lettuce and barley biomass

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 192, 491-497.

Nikitin, A.N., Cheshyk, I.A., Gutseva, G.Z., Tankevich, E.A., Shintani, M., Okumoto, S.

Growth of Zelkova serrata seedlings in a containerised production system treated with effective microorganisms and biochar

Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 30(1), 49-57.

Meng, L., Rahman, A., Han, S.H., Kim, S.B., Cho, M.S., Park, B.B.

Soil maize cultivar-related challenges on Striga hermonthica infested fields in Western Kenya

Journal of Plant Studies, 7(2), 41-48.

Manyasi, C.N., Ochieno, D.M.W., Muyekho, F.N., Muoma, J.V.O., Pamela, M.M., Nuluyange, V.

Improvement of soil quality using bokashi composting and NPK fertilizer to increase shallot yield on dry land

Australian Journal of Crop Science, 12(11), 1743-1749.

Lasmini, S.A., Nasir, B., Hayati, N., Edy, N.

Effect of EM Bokashi® multimicrobial probiotic preparation on the non-specific immune response in pigs

Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12602-018-9460-5.

Laskowska, E., Jarosz, L.S., Gradzki, Z.

Effect of microbial consortia on photosynthetic efficiency of Arabidopsis thaliana under drought stress

Chiang Mai Journal of Science, 45(1), 1-10.

Kalaji, H.M., Pathom-Aree, W., Lotfi, R., Balaji, P., Elshery, N., Gorska, E.B., Swiatek, M., Horaczek, T., Mojski, J., Kociel, H, Rytel, M.M., Yoosathaporn, S.

Soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration and crop growth as influenced by long-term application of effective microorganism compost

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 78(1), 13-22.

Hu, C., Xia, X., Chen, Y., Han, X.

Effect of pretreatments on compost from shredded oil palm empty fruit bunch with palm oil mill effluent anaerobic sludge and chicken manure

Bioresources, 13(3), 4998-5012.

Hamzah, N.H.C. Yahya, A., Man, H.C., Baharuddin, A.S.

Response of Silybium marianum L. plants to foliar application of algae, chitosan and effective microorganisms

Bioscience Research, 15(2), 628-636.

El-Khateeb, M.A., El-Attar, A.B., Fayed, R.G.

The effect of biofertilizer and nitrogen rates on quantitative and qualitative properties of strawberry cultivar ‘Paros’

Journal of Central European Agriculture, 19(3), 517-529.

Einizadeh, S., Shokouhian, A.A.

Sludge reduction in wastewater of beet sugar industry using the effective microorganisms

Egyptian Sugar Journal, 10, 63-82.

Doas, N.S., Ghandour, M.A., Abd-Alla, M.H.Abd., Mohamed, M.A.El-K., Ahmed, O.M.

Enhanced composting of market waste using effective microorganisms.

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), 5(11), 645-652.

Devi, E., Mugilvannan, R

Effect of indigenous and effective microorganisms fertilizers on soil microorganisms and yield of Irish potato in Bambili, Cameroon

African Journal of Microbiology Research, 12(15), 345-353.

Desire, T.V., Fosah, M.R., Fotso, M.H.D.

Effect of effective micro-organisms on the proline and MDA contents in herb plant material of Ocimum basilicum L. var. Piccolono

Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 27(11), 7409-7415.

Auriga, A., Wrobel, J.

The influence of Effective Microorganisms and number of buds per cane in viticulture on chemical composition in fruits

Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality, 91, 271-280.

Auriga, A., Ochmian, I., Wrobel, J., Oszmianski, J

Biofertilizer (EM-1) effect on growth and yield of three bread wheat cultivars.

Journal of Central European Agriculture, 19(3), 530-543.

Ai-Naqeeb, M.A-R., Ai-Hilfy, I.H.H., Hamza, J.H., Al-Zubade, A.S.M., Ai-Abodi, H.M.K.

Biofertilizer (EM-1) effect on growth and yield of three bread wheat cultivars

Journal of Central European Agriculture, 19(3), 530-543.

Ai-Naqeeb, M.A-R., Ai-Hilfy, I.H.H., Hamza, J.H., Al-Zubade, A.S.M., Ai-Abodi, H.M.K.


The Effect of Effective Microorganism (EM) inclusion to the setting time of microbed cement paste. In MATEC Web of Conferences.

EDP Sciences, 103, 01022..

Ismail, N., Saman, H.M., Jaafar, M.F.M., Abdullah, S.R. (2017)

Use of Effective Micro-organisms (EM) technology and self-compacting concrete (SCC) technology improved the response of cementitious systems

Construction and Building Materials. 152, 642-650..

Syed Ali Rizwan, Hasnain Khan, Thomas A. Bier, Fazal Adnan

The effect of feed supplementation with effective microorganisms (EM) on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine concentrations in pigs.

Research in Veterinary Science. 115: 244-249..

Ewa Laskowska, Lukasz Jarosz, Zbigniew Grądzki

Nutrient content of Liquid Organic Fertilizer (LOF) by various bio-activator and soaking time

NUSANTARA BIOSCIENCE. 9(2), 209-213. .


In-vessel co-composting of yard waste and food waste: an approach for sustainable waste management in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia

International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. 6(2): 149–157..

Amirhossein MalakahmadEmail authorNatasha Binti IdrusMotasem S. AbualqumbozSara YavariShamsul Rahman M. Kutty

In vitro evaluation of nutrient content of Asian Palmyra Palm’s (Borassus flabellifer L.) Husk Fermented with EM-4 for Beef Cattle Feed

International Journal of Current Research in Biosciences and Plant Biology. 4(1), 13-19..

Dahlan, D. N. A, Khotimah, K.

Evaluation of milk production performance of lactating Fogera cows fed with urea and effective micro-organisms treated rice straw as basal diet

International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 7(5), 45-50. .

Lemma Gulilat, Endalew Walelign

"Evaluation of Effective Microorganisms on home scale organic waste composting"

Journal of Environmental Management. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.019.

Yee Van Fan, Chew Tin Lee, Ji rí Jaromír Klemes, Lee Suan Chua, Mohamad Roji Sarmidi, Chee Woh Leow

Effects of farmyard manure and activated effective microorganisms on rain-fed upland rice in Mwanza, Tanzania

Organic Agriculture. 7(2), 83–93. .

Paul Sabas Saidia, J. P. Mrema

Effect of temperature on removal of COD and TSS from artificial river water by mudballs made from EM4, rice bran and clay

International Journal of GEOMATE. 12(33): 91-95. .

" Nugroho, F.L.

Bioaugmentaton in Technosols created in abandoned pyritic tailings can contribute to enhance soil C sequestration and plant colonization

Science of The Total Environment. 593–594(1): 357-367..

Raúl Zornoza, Melisa Gómez-Garrido, Silvia Martínez-Martínez, María Dolores Gómez-López, Ángel Faz

Application of effective microorganisms technology as a lake restoration tool - a case study of Muchawka Reservoir

Journal of Elementology. 22(2): 529-543..

Sitarek M., Napiórkowska-Krzebietke A., Mazur R., Czarnecki B., Pyka J.P., Stawecki K., Olech M., Sołtysiak S., Kapusta A.

The growth rate of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fry fed on fermented Lemna sp. meal

Journal Akuakultur Indonesia. 16(1), 101-106..

Rita Rostika, Yuli Andriani, Arthur Henry Abram, Apriana Vinasyiam

Secondary Settling Tanks Enhancement using Effective Microorganisms

International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology. 7(5), 1791-1796..

Aboulfotoh A. M.

Reducing water salinity using effective microorganisms

Net Journal of Agricultural Scienc. 5(3), 114-120 .

Raghad S. Mouhamad, Lamiaa A. Mutlag, Mustafa T. Al-Khateeb, Munawar Iqbal, Arif Nazir, Kadhim M. Ibrahim, Rasha A. Mussa and Obaid H. Jassam

Performance Optimization of Microbes from Shrimp Pond Sediment by Adding EM4 In Nitrification Process for the Treatment of Wastewater Containing High Ammonia Concentration

Microbiology Indonesia. 11(3), 94-102..


Investigation of effective microorganisms application method on alleviation of salt stress effects on root morphology of sweet corn

Ratar. Povrt. 54(2), 48-55..

Sabeti, Z., Armin, M., Kakhki, M.R.V.

Impact of effective microorganisms actuate (EMa) on development of Barley, Corn and Chard plants.

Current Science Perspectives. 3(1), 60-66..

Raghad S. Mouhamad, Ali S. Fadhel, Shaimaa A. Yousir, Ibrahim B. Razaq, Munawar Iqbal, Saba Ayub, Umer Younas

Growth and Yield Performance of Banana (Musa acuminate L.) as Affected by Different Farm Manures

Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research. Vol.5(2), 199-203.

Brenda C. Panelo; Ma. Theresa M. Diza

Bioremediation of petroleum sludge using effective microorganism (EM) technology

Petroleum Science and Technology. 35(14), 1515-1522..

Jamil Ahmad

Impact of some safe agricultural treatment on insect pests, vascular wilt disease management and Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) productivity under Siwa Oasis conditions

International Journal of Environment, 6(4), 139-162.

Hashem, H., El-Hadidy, A.E.A., Ali, E.A.

The influence of effective microorganisms application on the chemical composition in lettuce grown under cover

Ecological Chemistry and Engineering A, 24(1), 113-121.

Gorski, R., Kleiber, T., Sobierralski, K.

Efficacy of organic fertilizers produced using locally formulated effective microorganisms on the growth and yield responses of maize

Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource, 2(1), 1-9.

Ezeagu, G.G., Ijah, U.J.J., Abioye, O.P., Dauda, B.E.N.

The use of humic acid and EM in replacement of NPK chemical fertilization for the production of Gardenia jasminoides pot plants

Scientific Journal of Flowers & Ornamental plants, 4(1), 121-130.

Badran, F.S., Abdou, M.A., El-Sayed, A.A., El-Sayed, B.A., Gohar, A.A.

Effect of effective microorganisms (Em) and molasses, wheat bran, and their mixture in a biofloc system on microbial protein production, water quality, growth performance and feed utilization of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings.

8 (11), 443-449.

Aly, M. H., Zaki, M. A., Mansour, A.T., Srour, T. M., Omar, E. A.


Treatment of textile mill dye sludge by vermicomposting using Perionyx excavatus species

International Journal of Bioassays. 5(11), 4999-5003..

Vasanth Pandiyan, C., Ravichandran, S., Elanchezhiyan, C., Balaji, K.

Tomato yield and quality under various combinations of organic compost

Bioscience Journal. 32(5), 1147-1154..

Franca, F.C.T., Silvia, E.C., Pedrosa, M.W., Carlos, L.A., Maciel, G.M.

Study of commercial effective microorganism on composting and dynamics of plant essential metal micronutrients

Journal of Environmental Biology. 37,937-941. .

Daur, I.

Phenology, yield and nutrient uptake efficiency of wheat as affected by organic and inorganic nitrogen fertilizer alone and in combination with Effective Microorganism

Middle East Journal of Agriculture. 5(4), 431-438..

Khan, A.Z., Muhammad, H., Muhammad, A., Khalil, S.K., Shah, Z., Amin, R.

Modifying nitrogen fertilizer practice can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from a Chinese double rice cropping system.

Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 215, 100-109..

Wang, B., Li, Y., Wan, Y., Qin, X., Gao, Q., Liu, S., Li, J. 

Improvement of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) plantlets during acclimatization stage by using EM (Effective Microorganisms) and potassein - N fertilizer

Middle East Journal of Agriculture. 5(2), 272-278 .

Abdel-Galeil, L.M., El-Baky, A.M.A., Metwaly, H.A.A., El-Din, S.I.M.

Impact of bio-fertilizer on growth and yield of two sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) hybrids at Shambat, Sudan

Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. 3(4), 332-336.

Basheer, H.G., Idris, A.E., Ahmed, B.E.A.M.


Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika. 7(3): 4-6.

Arifa Mulyesthi Rahmawathi, Nurheni Wijayanto, Andhira Trianingtyas

Effect of mineral, biofertilizer (EM) and zeolite on growth, flowering, yield and composition of volatile oil of Viola odorata L. plants

Journal of Horticultural Science & Ornamental plants. 8(3), 140-148..

Mohamed, Y.F.Y., Ghatas, Y.A.A.

Effect of EM(Effective Microorganism)Addition on the Quality of Methane Production from Rice Straw

International Journal of ChemTech Research. 9(12):520-528..

Tri Widjaja, Hasrul Anwar, Danawati Hari Prajitno, Lily Pujiastuti

Effect of bio-fertilizer on growth and yield of two maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars at Shambat, Sudan

Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. 3(4), 313-317. .

Obid, M.A., Idris, A.E., Ahmed, B.E.A.M.

Characterization of Household Solid Waste Compost Inoculated with Effective Microorganisms

Modern Environmental Science and Engineering. 2(3): 194-200. .

Said Suleiman Bakari, Laila M. Moh’d, Mohammed K. Maalim, Zakia M. Aboubakari, Layla A. Salim, Hassan R. Ali

"Application of probiotic supplementation in the nutrition of farm American mink (Neovison vison)"

Journal of Central European Agriculture. 17(3), 652-660. .

Agricultural wastes based-organic fertilizers (Bokashi) improve the growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill)

International Journal of Agricultural Science. 1, 27-32..

Wijayanto, T., Zulfikar, Tufaila, M., Sarman, A.M., Zamrun, M.F.

A sustainable approach to the municipal solid waste management in Neyyatinkara Municipality, Kerala, India

Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 4(4), 89-95..

Prakasam, V.R., Das, S.Y.

Evaluation of Effective Microorganisms® efficacy on 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani'-infected and healthy periwinkle plants.

Mitteilungen Klosterneuburg. 66, 89-92. .

Pierce, S.; Quaglino, F.; Montagna, M.; Spada, A.; Iriti, P. C. M.

Composting of organic residues as influenced by effective microorganisms and earthworms.

Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research. 34(2), 38-42. .

Shefali Naik; Dodake, S. B.

Evaluation of activated effective microorganisms (EM-2) as biological crop residue treatment option targeted for feeding crossbred dairy cattle

Ethiopian Journal of Animal Production, 16(1), 17-35.

Kitaw, G., Kehaliw, A., Feyissa F., Assefa, G.

Effect of effective microorganisms and gypsum amendments on nutrient leaching, pH, electrical conductivity, and Okra growth parameters under coastal saline soil.

Communications in soil science and plant analysis, 49(18), 2327-2337.

Mtolera, I., Dongli, S.

Effect of poultry manure treated and untreated with effective microorganisms on growth performance and insect pest infestation on Amaranthus hybridus

African Journal of Plant Science, 10(1), 10-15.

Joseph, A., Ademiluyi, B. O., Aluko, P.A., Alabeni, T. M.

The influence of effective microorganisms (EM) and yeast on the degradation of strobilurins and carboxamides in leafy vegetables monitored by LC-MS/MS and health risk assessment

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment., 188,64. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-015-5022-4.

Wolejko, E., Lozowicka, B., Kaczynski, P., Jankowska, M. and Piekut, J.

Accelerated stabilization of landfill in a high-latitude area by EM and a risk assessment to human health

International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 9(2), 5218-5227.

Song, Y. and Liu, H.

Application of manure, nitrogen fertilizer , and EM4 to improve growth and yield of red chili (Capsicum annuum L) on an Alfisol.

Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management., 3(2), 535-542.

Setiawan, J.A., Magfoer, M.D., Nihayati, E.

Combined effect of Effective Microorganisms and seaweed concentrate KelpaK® on growth and yield of cabbage

Transylvanian Review. , 24(8), 1511-1519.

Satekge, T.K., Mafeo, T.P., Kena, M.A.

Investigation on preparation, characterization and application of Effective Microorganisms (EM) based composts –An ecofriendly solution

Nature Environment and Pollution Technology. , 15(1), 153-158..

Pushpa, T.B., Sekaran, V., Basha, S.J.S., Jegan, J.

Application of Effective Microorganisms (EM) in food waste composting: A review

Asia Pacific Environmental and Occupational Health Journal. , 2(2), 37-47.

Muttalib, S.A.A., Ismail, S.N.S., Praveena, S.M.

Microbial inoculant for seed germination and seedling growth of Acacia mangium Willd

Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences., 6(5), 116-124.

Mridha, M.A.U, Khan, B.M., Hossain, M.K.

Recent approaches for controlling downy mildew of cucumber under greenhouse conditions

Plant Protection Science., 52(1), 1-9.

Mohamed, A., Hamza, A., Derbalah, A.

Solid waste management using Effective Microorganism (EM) technology

International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences., 5(7), 804-815..

Mathews, S., Gowrilekshmi, R.

Microbial inoculant influences the germination and growth of Albizia lebbeck seedlings in the nursery

Banko Janakari., 26(1), 82-89.

Khan, B.M., Kabir, M.A., Hossain, M.K., Mridha, M.A.U.

Field evaluation of cattle manure along with effective microorganisms on growth and yield of capsicum (Capsicum annum L.)

International Journal of Advanced Research and review (IJARR). , 1(4), 10-18.

Karunarathna, B., Seran, T.H.

Effective microorganisms impact on photosynthetic activity of Arabidopsis plant grown under salinity stress conditions

Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW, Land Reclamation. , 48(2), 153-163.

Kalaji, H.M., Cetner, M.D., Samborska, I.A., Lukasik, I., Oukarroum, A., Rusinowski, S., Pietkiewicz, S., Swiatek, M., Dabrowski, P.

Influence of organic fertilizers on physiological quality and rooting snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus)

International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 18, 515-520.

Demirkaya, M., Stumpf, W., Jezik, K.

Organic alfalfa production using different EM.1 composts

Turkish Journal of Field Crops., 21(1), 139-147.

Daur, I.

Utilization of Effective Microorganisms based water hyacinth compost as biosorbent for the removal of basic dyes

Desalination and Water Treatment. DOI:10.1080/19443994.2016.1143405.

Bhagavathi Pushapa, T., Vijayaraghavan, J., Vijayaraghavan, K., Jegan, J.


Effect of some growth stimulants on production and quality of strawberry transplants

Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor. 53(4), 693-708..

Mohamed, M.H.M.

Growth performance and immunological and antioxidant status of Chinese shrimp, Fennerpenaeus chinensis reared in bio-floc culture system using probiotics.

Fish & Shellfish immnology. 47, 141-146..

Kim MS, Min E., Kim JH, Koo JK, Kang JC.

Could bio and organic fertilizers switch over chemical fertilization of faba bean plants.

Egyptian Journal of Applied Science, 30(6), 319-334.

Hassan, A.Z.A., Abdelwahab, M., Mahmoud, M., Darwish, E.

Effect of rock phosphate and farmyard manure applied with effective microorganisms on the yield and nutrient uptake of wheat and sunflower crops.

Pakistan Journal of Botany, 47(S1), 219-226.

Sharif, M., Khan, M., Khan, M.A., Wahid, F., Marwat, K.B., Khattak, A.M. and Naseer, M.

Influence of the EMTM series probiotic agents on the results of rearing of Polish Holstein-Friesian calves.

Acta Sci. Pol., Zootechnica, 14(4), 141‒150.

Szewczuk, M., Nowik, P., Olejnik, K., Jędrych, L., Kruszyński, W.

The influence of a microbial inoculum on the enzymatic activity of peat and morphological features of the French marigold.

Nauka Przyroda Technologie, 9(4), 47. DOI:10.17306/J.NPT.2015.4.47.

Wolna-Maruwka, A., Mocek-Plociniak, A., Schroeter-Zakrzewska, A. Niewiadomska, A., Piechota, T., Swedrzynska, D., Kosicka, D., Pilarska, A. A.

The silent heroes: Effective Microorganisms.

Ormancilik Dergisi, 10(2), 24-28.

Allahverdiev, S.R., Minkova, N.O., Yarigin, D.V., Gunduz, G.

Exploitation of EM・1 treated blend of organic resources and humic acid for organic (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) production.

Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 20(2), 125-130.

Daur, I., Abusuwar, A.O., Alghabari, F.

Improving fruits quality and storability of strawberry fruits by using pre and postharvest treatments.

Journal of American Science, 11(1), 44-60.

Hassan, A.H., Emam, M.S.

Effect of nitrogen fertilizer levels in the form of organic, inorganic and bio fertilizer applications on growth, yield and quality of strawberry

Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences, 5(2), 604-617.

Hassan, H.A

Effect of soil amendments on growth, seed yield and NPK content of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) grown in Clayer soil.

International Journal of Soil Science, 10(4), 186-194.

Ibrahim, E.A., EL-Kader, A.E.

Monitoring and remediation technologies of organochlorine pesticides in drainage water.

Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, 17(1), 115-122.

Ismail, A., Derbalah, A., Shaheen, S.

Physicochemical profile of microbial-assisted composting on empty fruit bunches of oil palm trees.

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, doi:10.1007/s11356-015-5156-5.

Lim, L. Y., Bong, C. P. C., Chua, L. S., & Lee, C. T.

Effects of microbial additive on the physiochemical and biological properties of oil palm empty fruit bunches compost.

Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Special issue 5, 10-18.

Lim, L.Y., Chua, L.S., Lee, C. T.

Improvement of cocoyam productivity with Effective Microorganisms (EM) and indigenous microorganisms (IMO) manures.

American Journal of Biochemistry, 5(2), 42-47.

Mbouobda, H.D., Fotso, Tita, M.A., Muyang R.F., Omokolo, N.D.

Potential of Effective moicro-organisms and Eisenia fetida in enhancing vermi-degradation and nutrient release of fly ash incorporated into cow dung-paper waste mixture.

Waste Management, doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2015.10.001.

Mupambwa, H. A., Ravindran, B., Mnkeni, P.N.S.

Improvement of immune function by EM・X GOLD, a health drink containing extract from culture of  Effective Microorganisms (ECEM).

診療と新薬, . 52(10), 78-84(1032-1038).

Najima, M., Shintani, M., Shimabukuro, S., Munakata, M.

The influence of Effective Microorganisms on the growth and nitrate content of vegetable transplants.

Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, 2(1), 25-28.

Olle, M., Williams, I.

Comparison between the efficiency of two nano-paticles and Effective Microorganisms on some biological and biochemical aspects of Spodoptera littorals.

International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 3(6), 1620-1626.

Osman, H.H., Abdel-Hafez, H.F., Khidr, A.A.

An improved effective microorganisms (EM) soil ball-making method for water quality restoration.

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, doi:10.1007/s11356-015-5617-x.

Park, G-S., Khan A. R., Kwak, Y., Hong, S-J., Jung, B., Ullah, I., Kim, J-G., Shin, J-H.

Comparative study of treatment of Sago wastewater using HUASB reactor in the presence and absence of Effective Microorganisms.

Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 11, 483-490.

Priya, M., Meenambal, T., Balasubramanian, N., Perumal, B.

Investigation on removal of malachite green using EM based compost as adsorbent.

Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 118, 177-182.

Pushpa, T.B., Vijayaraghavan, J., Basha, S.J.S., Sekaran, V., Vijayaraghavan, K., Jegan, J.

Effect of EM ball on DO, BOD and COD of wastewater treatment plant in Bangkokthonburi University, Thiland.

Journal of Chemical, Environmetal & Biological Sciences (IJCEBS), 3(4), 307-311.

Seng, H., Dokkraoom, S., Pijarn, N.

Anti-Inflammatory and immunostimulatory effects of extract from culture of Effective Microorganisms (ECEM) revealed by functional genomics and metabolome analyses.

Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6, 1115-1125.

Shintani, M., Mitsunaga, F., Shimabukuro, S., Nakamura, S.

Effective microorganisms improve growth performance and modulate the ROS-scavenging system in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants exposed to salinity stress.

Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 34(1), 35-46.

Talaat, N.B.

Effective microorganisms modify protein and polyamine pools in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants grown under saline conditions.

Scientia Horticulturae, 190, 1-10.

Talaat, N.B.

Improvement of antioxidant and defense properties of tomato (var. Pusa Rohini) by application of bioaugmented compost.

Saudi Journal of Biological Science, 22, 256-264.

Verma, S., Sharma, A., Kumar, R., Kaur, C., Arora, A., Shah, R., Nain, L.

Response of Kadotta fig trees to using some organic manures enriched with EM1 as a partial substitution of mineral N fertilizers.

World Rural Observations, 7(2), 22-29.

Waseel, A.H.M., Abdelaal, A.M.K., Gowda, A.M., Aziz, M.H.A.

Effective microorganisms improve growth performance, alter nutrients acquisition and induce compatible solutes accumulation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plant subjected to salinity stress.

Plant Growth Regulation, 75(1), 281-295.

Talaat, N.B., Ghoniem, A.E., Abdelhamid, M.T. and Shawky, B.T. (2015).

Modifying nitrogen fertilizer practice can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from a Chinese double rice cropping system

Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment., 215, 100-109.

Wang, B., Li, Y., Wan, Y., Qin, X., Gao, Q., Liu, S., Li, J.


Effect of N-forms and some bio-stimulants on productivity of cucumber: 1-Vegetative growth and chemical constituents

Mansoura Journal of Plant Production, 5(2),241-253.

Hamail, A.F., Hamada, M.S., Tartoura, E.A., Abd El-Hady, M.A.

Improving growth and productivity of “Sukkary” mango trees grown in North Sinai using extracts of some brown marine algae, yeasts and effective microorganisms 2-Productivity and fruit quality.

Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences., 4(3), 460-470.

Abed El Hamied, S.A.

Preliminary study on reaction kinetics of ammonia nitrogen in aqueous samples removed by microbial nano-silica ball.

Advanced Materials Research, 1010-1012, 528-531.

Yin, C., Lu, J., Shao, X., Mao, X., Wang, L., Min, Y. and Shu, M


中井ちさ子、丹羽光明、山崎成一郎、堀井博, 15(1), 13-18.


Greywater treatment via hybrid integrated systems for unrestricted reuse in Egypt.

Journal of Water Process Engineering, 1, 101-107.

Abdel-Shafy, H.I., Al-Sulaiman, A.M. and Mansour, M.S.M.

Improving growth and productivity of “Sukkary” mango trees grown in North Sinai using extracts of some brown marine algae, yeasts and effective microorganisms 1-Mineral content of leaves and fruit growth aspects.

Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research, 3(2), 318-329.

Abed El Hamied, S.A.

Effect of multi-ingredient of Bokashi on productivity of mandarin trees and soil properties under saline water irrigation.

7(11), 79-87.

Abed El-Hamied, S.A.

Optimization of concentration and EM4 augmentation for improving Bio-gas productivity from Jatropha curcas Linn capsule husk.

3(1), 73-78.

Adinurani, P.G., Setyobudi, R.H., Wahono, S.K., Sasmito, A., Nelwan, L.O., Nindita, A. and Liwang, T.

Reducing inorganic N partially in Zaghloul date palm orchards by using humic Acid and Effective Microorganisms. World Rural Observations.

6(2), 102-110.

Ahmed, F.F., Ibrahim, H.IM. and Kamel, M.Kh.

Microbes to clean indoor pollutants.

12(3), 429-434.

Boga, C., Del Vecchio, E., Forlani, L. and Franceschetti, M.

Monitoring and remediate of organochlorine residues in water.

86(7), 584-593.

Derbalah, A., Ismail, A., Hamza, A. and Shaheen, S.

Quality evaluation of egg composition and productivity of layers in EM (Effective Microorganisms) treatments: A field report.

1(3-4), 161-166.

Gnanadesigan, M., Isabella, S., Saritha, P., Ramkumar, L., Manivannan, N. and Ravishankar, R.

Improving Acacia auriculiformis seedlings using microbial inoculant (Beneficial Microorganisms).

25(2), 359-364.

Khan, B.M., Hossain, M.K. and Mridha, M.A.U.

The studies on applying of Effective Microorganisms (EM) and CRF on nutrient contents in leaves and yielding of tomato.

Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 13(1) 79-90.

Symbiotic bioremediation of aquaculture wastewater in reducing ammonia and phosphorus utilizing Effective Microorganism (EM-1) and microalgae (Chlorella sp.).

95, 127−134.

Lananan, F., Hamid, S.H.A., Din, W.N.S., Ai, N., Khatoon, H., Jusoh, A. and Endut A.

First report of peanut crown rot disease caused by Aspergillus niger in Iraq and its bio-control.

2(2), 171-177.

Matloob, A.A.H. and Juber, K.S.

Comparative evaluation of enzyme activities and phenol content of Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum) grown under EM and IMO manures Bokashi.

8(1), 157-166.

Mbouobda, H.D., Fotso, Djeuani, C.A., Baliga, M.O. and Omokolo, D.N.

Evaluation of phytotoxicity of effective microorganism (EM) treated distillery industry effluent.

11(2), 587-592.

Namasivayam, S.K.R., Shunmugaraj, M. Bharani, R.S.A, and Francis, A.L.

Effects of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes [mart.] solms) compost on growth and yield parameters of maize (Zea mays).

4(4), 617-633.

Osoro, N., Muoma, J.O., Amoding, A., Mukaminega, D., Muthini, M., Ombori, O. and Maingi, J.O.

The effect of effective microorganisms (EM) on EBPR in modified contact stabilization system.

Rashed, E.M. and Massoud, M.

Effect of effective microorganisms (EM) and potassium sulphate on productivity and fruit quality of "Hayany" date palm grown under salinity stress.

7(6), 90-99.

Salama, A.S.M., El-Sayed, O.M. and El Gammal, O.H.M.

Viability and morphological changes of Acanthamoeba spp. cysts after treatment with Effective microorganisms (EM).

Sampaotong, T., Lek-Uthai, U., Roongruangchai, J. and Roongruangchai, K.

Statistical optimization of physical conditions for phenol degradation using effective microorganism-I.

21, 14-20.

Sivasubramanian, S. and Namasivayam, S.K.R.

Effective microorganisms enhance the scavenging capacity of the ascorbate−glutathione cycle in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants grown in salty soils.

80, 136-143.

Talaat, N.

Improvement of antioxidant and defense properties of Tomato (var. Pusa Rohini) by application of bioaugmented compost.

Verma, S., Sharma, A., Kumar, R., Kaur, C., Arora, A., Shah, R. and Nain, L.


Effect of Effective Microorganisms (EM) seed treatment and types of potting mix on the emergence and growth of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) seedlings.

8, 34-41.

Mohammed, A., Gebreselassie, W., Nardos, T.

A calorimetric analysis of soil treated with effective microorganisms.

Thermochimica Acta, 569, 139-143.

Sigstad, E.E., Schabes, F.I., and Tejerina, F.

Agriculture wastes conversion for biofertilizer production using beneficial microorganisms for sustainable agriculture applications.

Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 9(1), 60-67.

Hanapi, S.Z., Awad, H.M., Ali, S.I.S., Sarip, S.H.M., Roji, M., and Sarmidi, R.A.

Composting of rice straw with effective microorganisms (EM) and its influence on compost quality.

Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 10, 17-17.

Jusoh, M.L.C., Manaf, L.A., and Latiff, P.A.

Effective microorganisms and compost favor nematodes in wheat crops.

Agron Sustain Dev, 33, 573-579.

Hu, C., and Qi, Y.

Effect of combined application of cattle manure and EM on the yield and yield components of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.).

Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 38, 1-9.

Seran, T.H., and Suthamathy, N.

Effect of effective microorganisms activate (EMa) on growth, yield and yield components of corn in Firozabad region.

Annals of Biological Research, 4, 126-129.

Dehghani, I., Kordlaghari, K.P., and Mohamadinia, G.

Effective microorganisms and their influence on vegetable production-a review.

Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 88, 380-386.

Olle, M., and Williams, I.

Effects of effective microorganisms (EM) and bio-organic fertilizers on growth parameters and yield quality of flue-cured tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum).

Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 11, 1212-1215.

Chantal, K., Shao, X., Jing, B., Yuan, Y., Hou, M., and Liao, L.

Evaluation of Effective Microorganisms technology in industrial wood waste management.

Int J Adv Engg Tech/IV/III/July-Sept, 21, 22.

Sreenivasan, E.

Impact of effective and indigenous microorganisms manures on Colocassia esculenta and enzymes activities.

African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(12), 1086-1092.

Mbouobda H, D., Fotso., Carole Astride Djeuani, C.A., Fai, K., and Omokolo, N.D.

Improving Acacia auriculiformis seedlings using microbial inoculant (Beneficial Microorganisms).

Journal of Forestry Research, 1-6.

Khan, B., Hossain, M.K., and Mridha, M.A.U.

Influence of effective microorganisms and green manure on soil properties and productivity of pearl millet and alfalfa grown on sandy loam in Saudi Arabia.

African Journal of Microbiology Research, 7(5), 375-382.

Ismail, S.M.

Inoculation with microorganisms of Lolium perenne L.: evaluation of plant growth parameters and endophytic colonization of roots.

New biotechnology, 30, 695-704.

Gaggìa, F., Baffoni, L., Di Gioia, D., Accorsi, M., Bosi, S., Marotti, I., Biavati, B., and Dinelli, G.

Investigation of effective Microorganisms (EM) impact in water stress condition on growth of almond (prunus dulcis Mill) seedling.

J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res., 3(2), 86-92.

Shokouhian, A., Davarynejad, G., Tehranifar, A., Imani, A., and Rasoulzadeh, A.

Long-term effective microorganisms application promote growth and increase yields and nutrition of wheat in China.

European Journal of Agronomy, 46, 63-67.

Hu, C., and Qi, Y.

Management of potato virus Y (PVY) in potato by some biocontrol agents under field conditions.

Advances in Environmental Biology, 7(3), 441-444.

Al-Ani, R.A., Athab, M.A., and Matny, O.N.

Marketable pod yield of vegetable cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) as influenced by organic manures fermented with EM solution.

The Open Horticulture Journal 6, 19-23.

Seran, T., and Shahardeen, R.

Monitoring of organochlorine pesticide residues and bioremediation of the frequently detected compound (Lindane) in soil.

Egy. J. Plant Pro. Res., 1(1) 133-150.

Derbalah, A.S., Ismail, A., and Hamza, A.

Net mineralization nitrogen and soil chemical changes with application of organic wastes with'Fermented Bokashi Compost'

Acta Scientiarum Agronomy, 35, 257-264.

Boechat, C.L., Santos, J.A.G., and Accioly, A.M.d.A.

Potential of Effective Microorganisms (EM) for conventional activated sludge upgrade.

International Water Technology Journal, IWTJ, 3(2), 78-87.

El Karamany, H., El Shatoury, S., Ahmed, D., and Saleh, I.

Purification of nitrogen and phosphorus in Llghtly polluted landscape river by Effective Microorganisms combined with submerged plants.

Applied Mechanics and Materials, 316-317, 430-434.

Chen, D.Q., He, H., and Chen, Y.Q.

Potential of mud ball from biolarvacide from fermented Malaysia’s Ulam Herbs.

Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 7(5), 236-241.

Zarina, Z., Yaacob, N.D., Mustafa Al Bakri, A.M., and Ruzaidi, C.M.

Residual effect of organic manure EM bokashi applied to proceeding crop of vegetable cowpea (vigna unguiculata) on succeeding crop of radish (raphanus sativus) department of crop science.

1(1), 2-5.

Suthamathy, N., and Seran, T.

The application of EM-treated dairy effluent on the flue-cured tobacco irrigation.

Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 11, 960-964.

Zhou, Y.X., Zhen, S.C., and Zhai, Y.M.

The effect of effective microorganisms on production and quality performance of Rhode Island Red layers.

International Journal of Livestock Production 4, 22-29.

Simeamelak, M., Solomon, D., and Taye, T.

Treatment of rubber processing wastewater by effective microorganisms using anaerobic sequencing batch reactor.

Journal of Agrobiotechnology 4, 1-15.

Rois Anwar, N.Z., Abu Hassan, M.A., Mahmood, I., and Khamis, A.K.


Anaerobic composting of pyrethrum waste with and without effective microorganisms.

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 6, 293-299.

Mwegoha, W.

Bioremediation of herbicide velpar K® in vitro in aqueous solution with application of EM-4 (effective microorganisms).

Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 55, 145-149.

Ramos, M.A.G., and Yoshioka, S.A.

Bioremediation of pulp and paper industry secondary sludge spiked with cow dung and effective microorganisms using epigeic earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg).

Dynamic Soil, Dynamic Plant, n.a..

Priya, T.L., Uma, R.N., Sivakumar, S., Meenambal, T., and Son, H.-K.

Degrading drilling fluid filter cake using effective microorganisms.

Jurnal Teknologi 57, 1-22.

Ismail, I., Illias, R., Abd Mubin, A.S., and Machitin, M.

Effect of compost derived from decomposed fruit wastes by Effective Microorganism (EM) technology on plant growth parameters of Vigna mungo.

Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation 3, 167.

Raja Namasivayam, S. S. K., and Bharani R.S.A.

Effects of organic and microbial fertilization on wheat growth and yield.

Int Res J Agric Sci Soil Sci 2, 149-154.

Mohammed, S., Osman, A., Mohammed, A., Abdalla, A., Sherif, A., and Rugheim, A.

EM Biodegrading characteristics of petroleum hydrocarbon in artificial seawater.

Advanced Materials Research, 356, 1145-1151.

Zhang, Z., Ding, S.Q., Yang, Y.S., Zuo, X.J., and Xu, Y.

Functions of effective microorganisms in bioremediation of the contaminated harbor sediments.

Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, 47, 44-53.

Ekpeghere, K.I., Kim, B.H., Son, H.S., Whang, K.S., Kim, H.S., and Koh, S.C.

Influnce of foliar application by EM" Effective Microorganisms", amino acids and yeast on growth, yield and quality of two cultivars of onion plants under newly reclamed soil.

Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(11), 26-39.

Fawzy, Z., Abou El-magd, M., Li, Y., Ouyang, Z., and Hoda, A.

Laboratory scale bioremediation of the Yamuna water with effective microbes (EM) technology and nanotechnology.

Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation, 3(8), 160.

Shrivastava, J.N., Raghav, N., and Singh A.J.N.

Microbial assisted phytoextraction of metals and growth of soybean (Glycine max L. merrill) on industrial waste water contaminated soil.

Pak J Bot, 44, 1593-1599.

Ali, I., Hadi, F., and Bano, A.

Performance of HUASB reactor for treating paper & pulp wastewater using Effective Microorganism (EM).

International Journal of Engineering Science & Technology, 4. 2453-2461.

Balasubramanian, N., and Muthukumar, M.

Responses of soil fauna structure and leaf litter decomposition to effective microorganism treatments in Da Hinggan Mountains, China.

Chinese Geographical Science, 22, 647-658.

Gao, M., Li, J., and Zhang, X

Solid waste management by use of effective microorganisms technology.

Asian J Exp Sci, 26, 11-18.

Katre, S., Gupta, A.K., and Pandey, H.

The effect of sulphuric acid and effective micro-organisms on the seed germination of Harpagophytum procumbens (devil's claw).

South African Journal of Botany, 83, 193-199.

Mowa, E., and Maass, E.

Use of EM enriched composts on rice (Oryza sativa) productivity.

Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 46, 790-793.

Devi, S., and Manimaran, S.



日本看護研究学会雑誌, 34(1), 131-135.


Evaluation of Effective Microorganisms (EM) for treatment of domestic sewage.

Namsivayam, S.K.R., Narendrakumar, G. and Kumar, J.A., 2(7), 30-32.

Namsivayam, S.K.R., Narendrakumar, G. and Kumar, J.A.

‘Effective Micro-organisms’(EM): An Effective Plant Strengthening Agent for Tomatoes in Protected Cultivation.

Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, 27, 189-203.

Ndona, R.K., Friedel, J.K., Spornberger, A., Rinnofner, T., and Jezik, K.

Production of effective microorganism using halal based sources: A review.

African Journal of Biotechnology, 10, 18649-18652.

Abdullah, M.M.A.B., Ma’Radzi, A.H., Saleh, N.A.M., Kamal, A., and Yaacob, N.D.

Effect of cattle liquid manure fertilization on the yield of grassland and density of soil oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida).

Biological Letters, 48, 13-18.

Kruczyńska, K., and Seniczak, S.

Effect of effective microorganism application on crop growth, yield, and nutrition in Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek in different soil amendment systems.

Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 42, 2112-2121.

Javaid, A., and Bajwa, R.

Effect of effective microorganisms on growth parameters and serum cholesterol levels in broilers.

African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6, 3841-3846.

Esatu, W., Melesse, A., and Dessie, T.

Effective microorganism substance (EM-S) reduces development and aggravation of atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in NC/Nga mice.

Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, 54, 211-220.

Park, K.H., Jeong, S.I., Mok, J.Y., Cho, J.K., Park, J.M., Jeon, I.H., Kim, H.S., and Jang, S.I.

Effects of biofertilizers combined with different soil amendments on potted rice plants.

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 71, 157-163.

Javaid, A.

Effects of microorganisms, hormone treatment and stratification on seed germination of goldenrain tree (Koelreuteria paniculata).

Int J Agric Biol, 13, 38-42.

Ertekin, M.

Effects of synergy between earthworms and effective microorganisms on vermicomposting of pig manure.

Animal Husbandry and Feed Science, 3, 39-42.

DiFa, X., GuangShen, L., QuMin, Y., and RongXi, L.

Field evaluation of effective microorganisms (EM) application for growth, nodulation, and nutrition of mung bean.

Turk J Agric For, 35, 443-452.

Javaid, A., and Bajwa, R.

Nursery practice on seed germination and seedling growth of Dalbergia sissoo using beneficial microbial inoculants.

Journal of Forestry Research, 22, 189-192.

Khan, B.M., Hossain, M.K., and Mridha, M.A.U.

Prospects of effective microorganisms technology in wastes treatment in Egypt.

Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 1, 243-248.

Shalaby, E.A.


Evaluation of Banana Compost Enriched with Microorganisms on Concentrations of Heavy Metals in Corn and Bean Plants.

The African Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology. 4(1), 54-58. .

Refat A. Youssef, Mohammed A. Rasheed, El-Sayed I. Gaber, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, Abd El Kader A., Nesreen H. Abou-Baker

The effect of the application of the biological control agent EM1 on gas exchange parameters and productivity of Pisum sativum L. infected with Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. Acta

Acta Agrobotanica, 63(2), 105-115.

Okorski, A., Olszewski, J., Glowacka, K., Okorska,S. and Pszczolkowska, A.

Breaking seed dormancy in oil rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) by microbial inoculation.

African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(39), 6503-6508.

Kazaz, S., Erbas, S., and Baydar, H.

" Effective Microorganisms"(EM) in reducing noxiousness of selected odorant sources.

Environment Protection Engineering , 36, 13-24.

Kulig, A., and Barczak, R.

Abundance and diversity of soil nematodes as influenced by different types of organic manure.

Helminthologia , 47, 58-66.

Hu, C., and Qi, Y.C.

Beneficial Microorganisms for Sustainable Agriculture.

In Genetic Engineering, Biofertilisation, Soil Quality and Organic Farming, E. Lichtfouse, ed. (Springer Netherlands), pp. 347-369.

Javaid, A.

Biological control of mulberry root rot disease (Fusarium spp) with antagonistic microorganisms.


Beevi, N.D., and Qadri, S.

Effect of Effective Microorganisms (EM) on nutrient contents in substrate and development and yielding of Rose (Rosa x hybrida) and Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii).

Ecolog. Chem and Eng S, 17, 505-513.

Górski, R., and Kleiber, T.

Effective microoranisms and their influence on growth and yield of pigweed (Amaranthus dubians).

Journal of Agricultural & Biological Science, 5(1), 17-22.

Muthaura, C., Musyimi, D.M., Ogur, J.A., and Okello, S.V.

Effects of effective microorganisms on yield and quality of vegetable cabbage comparatively to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers.

Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 9(11), 1039-1042.

Chantal, K., Xiaohou, S., Weimu, W., and Iro Ong'or, B.T.

Growth, nodulation and yield response of soybean to biofertilizers and organic manures.

PJ Bot, 42, 863-871.

Javaid, A., and Mahmood, N.

Purification of Cr (VI)-contaminated soil by fermentation of organic matter.

In Advances in Environmental Geotechnics (Springer), 755-759.

Omine, K., Yasufuku, N., and Tamura, K.


Activities of effective microorganism (EM) on the nutrient dynamics of different organic materials applied to soil.

American-Eurasian Journal of Agronomy, 2, 26-35.

Fatunbi, A., and Ncube, L.

Growth, nodulation and yield of black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] as influenced by biofertilizers and soil amendments.

African Journal of Biotechnology, 8 (21), 5711-5717.

Javaid, A.

Probiotics in aquaculture of China—current state, problems and prospect.

Aquaculture, 290, 15-21.

Qi, Z., Zhang, X.-H., Boon, N., and Bossier, P.

Role and functions of beneficial microorganisms in sustainable aquaculture.

Bioresource technology, 100, 3780-3786.

Zhou, Q., Li, K., Jun, X., and Bo, L.


Effect of EM Bokashi application on control of secondary soil salinization.

Water Science and Engineering, 1(4), 99-106.

Xiaohou, S., Min, T., Ping, J., Weiling, C.

Application of effective microorganisms on soil and maize.

Journal of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, 2, 1-13.

Lee, C.T., Ismail, M., Razali, F., Muhamad, I.I., Sarmidi, M.R., and Khamis, A.

Assessment of effective microorganism activity (EM) in winter wheat protection against fungal diseases.

Ecological chemistry and engineering, 15, 23-27.

Boligłowa, E., and Gleń, K.

Damage to DNA of effective microorganisms by heavy metals: Impact on wastewater treatment.

Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20, 1514-1518.

ZHOU, S., WEI, C., LIAO, C., and WU, H.

Effect of Biostimulants, ethrel, boron and potassium nutrient on fruit quality of "Costata" persimmon.

Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2, 1432-1437.

Mohamed, S.A., and Ismail, O.M.

Effect of fugal infection and the application of the biological agent EM1TM on the rate of photosynthesis and transpiration in pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves.

Polish Journal of Natural Science, 23(1), 35-47.

Okorski, A., Olszewski, J., Pszczółkowska, A., and Kulik, T.

Hormone and microorganism treatments in the cultivation of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) plants.

Molecules, 13, 1135-1147.

Aytekin, A., and Acikgoz, A.O.

Impact of biological effective microorganisms (EM) preparations on some physico-chemical properties of soil and the vegetative growth of apple-tree rootstocks.

Nauka Przyroda Technologie Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu 2.

Zydlik, P., and Zydlik, Z.

Impact of effective microorganisms compost on soil fertility and rice productivity and quality.

Misr J Ag Eng, 25, 1067-1093.

El-Shafei, A., Yehia, M., and El-Naqib, F.

Overview of a variety of trials on agricultural applications of effective microorganisms (EM).

Agricola, 17-26.

Zimmermann, I., and Kamukuenjandje, R.


Cost-effective activated sludge process using Effective Microorganisms (EM).

Environmental health, 7, 71.

Sekaran, V., Rajagopal, K., and Karutha Pandian, S.T.

Compost for growing plants by applying EM-biofertilizer.

Pak J Agri Sci, 44, 3.

Hussain, K., Arif, M., Anwar-ul-Haq, M., Hussain, T., and Nasim, M.

Size and activity of the soil microbial biomass and soil enzyme activity in long-term field experiments.

World Journal of Agricultural Sciences VL3 P63-70 .

Hu, C., and Cao, Z.


Bagasse as a possible substrate for Pleurotus ostreatus (Fr.) Kummer cultivation for the local mushroom farms in the northeast of Thailand.

Pakistan Journal of Biology Sciences, 9, 2512-2515.

Vetayasuporn, S., Chutichudet, P., and Cho-Ruk, K.

Development of biological control of Ralstonia solanacearum through antagonistic microbial populations.

International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 8, 657-660.

Lwin, M., and Ranamukhaarachchi, S.

Effects of biological and chemical fertiliser on growth and yield of glutionous corn production.

J Agron, 5, 1-4.

Vetayasuporn, S.

Effects of integrated use of organic and inorganic nutrient sources with effective microorganisms (EM) on seed cotton yield in Pakistan.

Bioresource technology, 97, 967-972.

Khaliq, A., Abbasi, M.K., and Hussain, T.

Foliar application of effective microorganisms on pea as an alternative fertilizer.

Agron Sustain Dev , 26, 257.

Javaid, A.

Growth of Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. seedlings under the influence of microbial inoculant (Effective Microorganisms).

Indian Forester , 132, 329-334.

Khan, B., Mridha, M., Hossain, M., and Huda, S.

Growth performance of Cassia fistula L. seedlings as affected by formulated microbial inoculant.

Bangladesh J. Bot., 35(2), 181-184.

Khan, B., Hossain, M., and Mridha, M.

Oyster mushroom cultivation on different cellulosic substrates.

Res J Agric Biol Sci , 2, 548-551.

Vetayasuporn, S.


Effective Microorganisms for Enhancing Pleurotm ostreatus (Fr.) Kummer Production.

Journal of biological sciences, 4, 706-710.

Vetayasuporn, S.

Supplemental enzymes, yeast culture and effective micro-organism culture to enhance the performance of rabbits fed diets containing high levels of rice bran.

Asian Austrasian Journal of Animal Sciences , 17, 678-683.

Shanmuganathan, T., Samarasinghe, K., and Wenk, C.


Assessment of soil properties by organic matter and EM-microorganism incorporation.

Revista brasileira de ciência do solo, 27, 519-525.

Valarini, P., Alvarez, D., Gasco, J., Guerrero, F., and Tokeshi, H.


Influence of EM Bokashi on nodulation, physiological characters and yield of peanut in nature farming fields.

Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 19, 105-112.

Pei-Sheng, Y., and Hui-Lian, X.

Integrated evaluation of soil quality after the incorporation of organic matter and microorganisms.

Brazilian Journal of microbiology, 33, 35-40.

Valarini, P.J., Alvarez, M.C.D., Gascó, J.M., Guerrero, F., and Tokeshi, H.

Organic and transition bananas: experience with effective microorganisms (EM).

Taller internacional sobre inducción de resistencia y uso de tecnologías limpias para el manejo de plagas en plantas Turrialba (Costa Rica), 33-39.

Tabora, P., Okumoto, S., and Elango, F.

Total economic development benefits for the application of effective microorganisms technology to shrimp production.

Journal of Environmental Science and Management , 5.

Aguilar, F.


Effects of a microbial inoculant, organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer on water stress resistance of sweet corn.

Journal of crop production, 3, 223-233.

Xu, H.-L.

Effect of effective microorganisms on composting characteristics of chicken manure.

Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Science, 29, 189-196.

Ong, H., Chew, B., and Suhaimi, M.

Effect of organic fertilizer and effective microorganisms on growth, yield and quality of paddy-rice varieties.

Journal of crop production, 3, 269-273.

Iwaishi, S.

Soil-root interface water potential in sweet corn as affected by organic fertilizer and a microbial inoculant.

Journal of crop production, 3, 139-156.

Xu, H.-L.

Effects of organic fertilizers and a microbial inoculant on leaf photosynthesis and fruit yield and quality of tomato plants.

Journal of crop production, 3, 173-182.

Xu, H.-L., Wang, R., and Mridha, M.A.U.

Effect of a microbial inoculant on stomatal response of maize leaves.

Journal of crop production, 3, 235-243.

Xu, H.-L., Wang, X., and Wang, J.

Growth nodulation and VAM colonization response of Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek to co-inoculation of biopower & effective microorganisms (EM).

Pakistan Journal of Botany, 33, 743-775.

Bajwa, R., Nasir, M., and Javaid, A.

Phytophthora resistance of organically-fertilized tomato plants.

Journal of crop production , 3, 77-84.

Wang, R., Xu, H.-L., and Mridha, M.A.U.

Properties and applications of an organic fertilizer inoculated with effective microorganisms.

Journal of Crop production, 3, 255-268.

Yamada, K., and Xu, H.L.

Use of effective microorganisms to suppress malodors of poultry manure.

Journal of crop production, 3, 215-221.

Li, W., and Ni, Y.


Cotton production through integrated plant nutrition system.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3, 674-676.

Ahmed, I., Zia, M.H., and John, A.

Improvement in biological nitrogen fixation and yield of groundnut by the application of effective microorganisms.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3, 320-322.

Iqbal, M., and Jilani, G.

Use of integrated approaches to manage inferior soil and water resources for rice production.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3, 1062-1065.

Khan, M.I.A., and Zia, M.H.


Alternatives of mineral nutrient sources to sustain wheat production.

International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 1(4), 293-296.

Zia, M.H., Ahmed, I., Haq, M.A., and Jamil, M.

An in vitro Antibacterial Activity of Different Effective Microorganism Cultures Against Pathogenic Species.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2, 214-216.

Sajjad-ur-Rahman, M.S., Hussain, T., Hussain, S., and Ansar, M.

EM and VAM technology in Pakistan V: Response of chickpea (Cicer arietwum L.) to co-inoculation with Effective Microorganisms (EM) and VA Mycorriza under allelopathic stress.

Pak J Bot, 31, 387-339.

Bajwa, R., Javaid, A., and Haneef, B.

Influence of “effective microorganisms”(EM) on vegetable production and carbon mineralization−a preliminary investigation.

Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 14, 15-25.

Daly, M., and Stewart, D.

Rice and wheat production in Pakistan with effective microorganisms.

American journal of alternative agriculture, 14, 30-36.

Hussain, T., Javaid, T., Parr, J., Jilani, G., and Haq, M.

Utilization of brackish groundwater for crops with EM-technology.

Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 36, 186-188.

Zia, M.H., Anwar ul Haq, M., and Ahmed, I.


EM and VAM technology in Pakistan. Effect of co-inoculation of effective microorganisms (EM) and VA mycorrhiza on plant growth and nutrient uptake in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).

Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 10(1), 48-52.

Bajwa, R., Javaid, A., Haneef, B.


EM Probiotic for Bees, New solution for beekeeping.

The 11th Honey and Bee Products Festival, Peace and Friendship Stadium, Neo Faliro, Athens, Greece. 6-8 Dec 2019

Shimabukuro, S.

Use of EM Technology in Intensive Shrimp Aquaculture: An Effective Research-Based Tool to Enhance Sustainability.

The 2019 Hawai‘i Agriculture Conference (AG2019), Hawaii Convention Center, Honolulu, Hawaii. 15-16 Oct 2019

Pinoargote, G.

Application of Effective Microorganisms and biochar suppress the soil-to-plant transfer of radioactive cesium during the continuous cropping of komatsuna.

International Scientific Conference "Radiobiology: Contemporary Issues", Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus. 26-27 Sep 2019

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.

Influence of soil water content, potassium, and “EM-Bokashi” on the soil-to-plant transfer factor of 137Cs for spring wheat and white mustard.

5th International Conference on Environmental Radioactivity ENVIRA 2019: Variations of Environmental Radionuclides, Praha, Czech Republic. 8-13 Sep 2019

Nikitin, A.,Shurankova, O. A., Okumoto, S., Mischenko, E. V., Shintani, M., Leferd, G. A., Higa, T., Cheshyk, I., Sukhareva, D. V., Zhukovskaya, E. V., Arendar, S. A.


第8回環境放射能除染研究発表会, 郡山市. 10-11 Jul 2019



Use of EM technology in intensive shrimp aquaculture: An effective research-based tool to enhance sustainability. The 4th International Conference on Universal Village 2018

MIT, Boston, USA. 21-24 Oct 2018

Pinoargote, G.F., Koshoji, T.

Countermeasures against the radioactive contamination of agricultural crops by utilizing effective microorganisms (EM®) for the agricultural land damaged in the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. The 4th International Conference on Universal Village 2018

MIT, Boston, USA.. 21-24 Oct 2018

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Nikitin, A., Higa, T.

Effective microorganisms as a potential tool for the remediation of 137Cs-contaminated soils. The 4th International Conference on Universal Village 2018

MIT, Boston, USA. . 21-24 Oct 2018

Nikitin, A., Okumoto, S., Gutzeva, G.Z., Shintani, M., Leferd, G.A., Cheshyk, I.A., Higa, T.

Microorganisms open the future for mankind. The 4th International Conference on Universal Village 2018

MIT, Boston, USA. 21-24 Oct 2018

Higa, T.

Effect of rice husk-derived biochar and Effective Microorganisms (EM・1®) on the suppression of radioactive cesium transfer from soil to agricultural crops under the continuous cropping of Komatsuna (Brassica rapa var. perviridis)

International Scientific Conference “Radiobiology: Current issues”, Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus. 27-28 Sep 2018

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T


第7回環境放射能除染研究発表会, 東京. 3-4 Jul 2018


Impact of Effective Microorganisms on the activity of 137Cs in soil from the exclusion zone of Chernobyl NPP.

The 21st International Conference for Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 3-8 Jun 2018

Nikitin, A., Okumoto, S., Gutzeva, G., Shitani, M., Leferd, G., Higa,


Analysis of radioactive cesium in paddy fields applied with Effective Microorganisms (EM・1®) in Fukushima

International Scientific Conference “Radiobiology: Challenges of the XXI Century”, Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus.. 27-29 Sep 2017

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.


第6回環境放射能除染研究発表会, 福島市. 19-21 Jul 2017


EM for Agriculture

All-Russia Field Day Agroindustrial Exhibition/Forum, Kazan, Russia. 5-7 Jul 2017

Suehiro, I

Biological oscillation in cellular slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum

25th Wilhelm Bernhard Workshop on the Cell Nucleus, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. 19-22 Jun 2017

Kuwayama, H., Higashinakagawa, T


Innovative methods for solving environmental problems

The 10th International Environmental Conference “Nature without border", Vladivostok, Russia. 20-21 Oct 2016

Suehiro, I.

Establishment of human and environmentally friendly hospital with consideration for human and environmental microbiome

The 3rd International Conference of Universal Village (UV2016), Nagoya, Japan. 6 Oct 2016-8 Oct 2018

Saito, I., Shintani, M., Murakami, N., Aoki, Y., Higa, T.

Use of EM Technology for controlling foul odors and sanitation concerns caused by massive flood in Thailand in 2011

The 3rd International Conference of Universal Village (UV2016), Nagoya, Japan. 6-8 Oct 2016

Voranuj, J., Koshoji, T., Pirmthongin, S.

Microbial contribution as countermeasures against radioactive contamination

The 3rd International Conference of Universal Village (UV2016), Nagoya, Japan. 6-8 Oct 2016

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.

Tanah Sutera Development, an eco-city development project in Malaysia: two years on

The 3rd International Conference of Universal Village (UV2016), Nagoya, Japan. 6-8 Oct 2016

Ching, H.H., Ying, L.K., Then, T.H., Chin, H.S., Fukugauchi, Y., Higa, T., Shum, S

Application of Effective Microorganisms (EM) contributes to produce safe agricultural products in radiation-contaminated farmland.

The 2do International Conference Environmental and Food Safety for Human Welfare,, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. 24-25 Jul 2016

Shintani, M., Okumoto, S., Nikitin, A., Cheshyk, I., Higa, T


第5回環境放射能除染研究発表会, 福島市. 6-8 Jul 2016


EM Technology in Europe

EM Technology in Europe. International Scientific Conference "Chernobyl: 30 years later”, Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus. 21-22 Apr 2016

Matsumoto, J., Rothenbühler, U., Murányi, A.

Possibility of Effective MicroorganismsTM (EM) technology for reducing radioactive cesium contamination in soil.

International Scientific Conference "Chernobyl: 30 years later", Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus.. 21-22 Apr 2016

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.


The impact of EM technology in wastewater management

VSUES, Vladivostok, Russia. 29-30 Oct 2015

Suehiro, I.

Influence on the suppression of transfer of radioactive cesium from soil to grass using cow manure compost and its effluent fermented by Effective Microorganisms


Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.


第4回環境放射能除染研究発表会, Tokyo, Japan. 8-9 Jul 2015




第62回日本ウイルス学会学術集会, Yokohama, Japan. 10-12 Nov 2014


The bioremediation in actual contaminated site with Effective Microorganisms EM・1® and organic matter in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

8th International Environmental Forum "Nature without borders", Vladivostok, Russia. 23-24 Oct 2014

Tomii, H., Irei, T., Uehara, K., Gesyo, S., Kyan T., Okumoto, S., Higa, T

Using of microbiological preparation EM-1 and mineral-sorbent trepel for growing lettuce on the soils, contaminated by radionuclides

International Scientific Conference "Radiobiology: man-made radiation", Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus. 25-26 Sep 2014

Shamal, N.V., Klementieva, E.A., Korol, R.A., Gaponenko, S.N., Spirov, R.K., Nikitin, A.N., Prusakova, O.I., Okumoto, S., Shintani, M

Application of Effective MicroorganismsTM (EM) technology contributes to the reconstruction of a recycle based dairy farm in Fukushima (A case study)

International Scientific Conference "Radiobiology: man-made radiation", Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus. 25-26 Sep 2014

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Nishibuchi, Y., Higa, T.

Contribution of biotechnology to the recovery from the damage caused by the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant: An example at Takizawa dairy farm in Fukushima

16th Congress of Asian College of Psychosomatic Medicine (ACPM), Jakarta, Indonesia. 22-23 Aug 2014

Shintani, M., Okumoto, S., Nishibuchi, Y., Higa, T


第3回環境放射能除染研究発表会, Fukushima, Japan. 3-4 Jul 2014


An eco city development project with special consideration for harmonious coexistence of human, nature and microbiome, in Malaysia

2nd International Conference on Universal Village (UV2014), Cambridge, MA, USA. 16-17 Jun 2014

Shintani, M., Ching, H.H., Fukugauchi, Y., Miyagi, M., Higa, T., Shum, S.


Pilot scale bioremediation of oil contaminated soil with Effective MicroorganismsTM EM・1® and organic materials in Okinawa, Japan.

VII International Environmental Forum "NATURE WITHOUT BORDERS", Vladivostok, Russia. 10-11 Oct 2013

Daur, I.


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